Listen to Minoo explaining how we form questions and then learn the different types of interrogative forms and what kind of information they refer to:
Knowing how to ask a question is an essential part of communication. If you do not know how to ask questions, you are unable to participate in a conversation and you sound unnatural. Below is a list of question words which are used in English to get specific information. Learn them as quickly as possible and use them in your speaking activities.
|INTERROGATIVE FORM||QUESTION||ANSWER||INFORMATION GIVEN|
|WHEN||When did they arrive?When were you born?||Yesterday.On Feb. 12, 1984.||When is used to ask questions about time and dates.|
|WHERE||Where are my car keys?Where can I buy a CD?||In the desk drawer.At Fry’s Electronics Store.||Where is used to ask questions about place.|
|WHY||Why did you leave early?Why aren’t you listening?||Because I had to.Because I’m tired.||Why is used to ask questions about reason.|
|HOW||How does this work?How do you feel?||By plugging it in.Good.||How generally asks about manner and health.|
|HOW MUCH/MANY||How much money does it cost?How many DVDs do you have?||25 dollars.100 so far.||How much/many are used for amount and quantity.|
|HOW OLD/COLD/SOON/FAST/||How old are you?How cold does it get?How soon can you come?
How fast were you driving?
|30.It can get down to freezing.In 25 minutes.
65 miles per hour.
|How is also used with adjectives and adverbs to detail descriptions|
|HOW LONG||How long did you stay?||2 weeks||How long asks about length of time|
|HOW OFTEN||How often do you go out?||Every weekend.||How often refers to frequency|
|HOW FAR||How far is it to San Francisco?||500 miles from here||How far refers to distance|
|WHO||Who answered the phone?Who came to the party?||John didSally, Peter, and Veronica||Who replaces the subject of a question and refers to people|
|WHO (+ Singular Verb)||Who is joining us for dinner?Who wants to come?||Peter, Paul and MaryWe do.||Who is usually followed by a singular verb even if the speaker is asking about more than one person|
|WHOM||To whom should I speak?The question was addressed to whom?||To the directorTo the general audience||Who is used as the object of a verb or preposition. It is only used in formal English.|
|WHOSE||Whose stuff is this?Whose books and papers are these?||It’s mine.They’re ours.||Whose asks questions about possession and is usually followed by one or more objects.|
|WHAT||What made you sneeze?What happened?What was the lecture about?||The pepperThere was an accident.About molecular biology||What is used as the subject of a question when we refer to things, innate objects, subjects or events.|
|WHAT KIND OR WHAT + NOUN||What kind of music do you like?What kind of paper did you buy?What countries have you visited?||Jazz and RockPhoto paperSpain, Portugal and Italy||What kind of asks about the particular variety or type of something and What + Noun refers to individual facts.|
|WHAT…LIKE?||What is your teacher like?What is the weather like there?||She’s really nice.It’s really sunny and warm.||What…like asks for a general description of qualities|
|WHAT…LOOK LIKE/SOUND LIKE/TASTE LIKE/FEEL LIKE/SMELL LIKE?||What does he look like?What does your house look like?What did it feel like?||He’s tall and wears glasses.It’s an old stone house.It was painful.||What…look like asks for a physical, sensory or emotional description.|
|WHICH (+ OBJECT)||Which one do you prefer?Which software should I use?Which class are you in?||I prefer the red one.Adobe creative suiteI’m a sophomore.||Which is used instead of what when a question concerns choosing from a definite, known quatity or group.|